- How-To Booklet
- 1. How to protect your computer from malware and hackers
- 2. How to protect your information from physical threats
- 3. How to create and maintain secure passwords
- 4. How to protect the sensitive files on your computer
- 5. How to recover from information loss
- 6. How to destroy sensitive information
- 7. How to keep your Internet communication private
- 8. How to remain anonymous and bypass censorship on the Internet
- 9. How to protect yourself and your data when using social networking
- 10. How to use mobile phones as securely as possible
- 11. How to use smartphones as securely as possible
- Hands-On Guides
- avast! - anti-virus
- Spybot - anti-spyware
- Comodo Firewall
- KeePass - secure password storage
- TrueCrypt - secure file storage
- Cobian Backup
- Recuva - file recovery
- Eraser - secure file removal
- CCleaner - secure file deletion and work session wiping
- Riseup - secure email service
- Pidgin with OTR - secure instant messaging
- Jitsi - Secure Audio, Video and Text Communication
- Thunderbird + Enigmail + GPG - secure email client
- gpg4usb - email text and files encryption
- Firefox + add-ons - secure Web browser
- Tor - anonymity and circumvention
- Social networking tools
- Mobile Security
How to Install and Use KeePass
List of sections on this page:
- 2.0 How to Install KeePass
- 2.1 How to Create a New Password Database
- 2.2 How to How to Add an Entry
- 2.3 How to Edit an Entry
- 2.4 How to Generate Random Passwords
- 2.5 How to Exit, Minimize and Restore KeePass
- 2.6 How to Create a Backup of the Password Database file
- 2.7 How to Reset Your Master Password
2.0 How to Install KeePass
Step 1. Double click ; the Open File - Security Warning dialog box may appear. If it does, click to activate the following screen:
Figure 1: The Select Setup Language screen
Step 2. Click to activate the Setup - KeePass Password Safe – Welcome to the KeePass Password Safe Setup Wizard screen.
Step 3. Click to activate the License Agreement screen. Please read the License Agreement before proceeding with the rest of the installation process.
Step 4. Check the I accept the agreement option to enable the Next button, and then click to activate the Select Destination Location screen.
Step 5. Click to accept the default installation path.
Step 6. Click to activate the following screen.
Figure 2: The Select Additional Tasks screen
Step 7. Check the option as shown in above in figure 2.
Note: If you enable the Create a Start Menu folder option, the Setup - KeePass Password Safe installation wizard automatically creates a KeePass Quick Launch icon in the Start menu.
Step 8. Click to launch the Ready to Install summary screen, and then click to activate the Installing screen and its status progress bar.
A few seconds later the Completing the KeePass Password Safe Setup Wizard screen will appear.
Step 9. Check the Launch KeePass option and then click to open KeePass immediately, and be directed to the KeePass Plugins and Extensions web site, if you are connected to the Internet.
2.1 How to Create a New Password Database
In the sections that follow, you will be taught how to create a master password, save your newly-created database, generate a random password for a particular program, create a backup copy of the database and extract the passwords from KeePass when needed.
To open KeePass, perform the following steps:
Step 1. Select Start > Programs > KeePass Password Safe > KeePass or click the icon on your desktop to activate the KeePass main screen as follows:
Figure 3: The KeePass Password Safe console
2.1.1 How to Create a New Password Database
Creating a new password database involves two steps:
You must come up with a single, unique and strong master password that you will use to lock and unlock your database of passwords. Then, you must save that password database.
To create a new password database, follow these steps:
Step 1. Select File > New as follows:
Figure 4: The KeePass screen with File > New selected
This will activate the Create New Password Database screen as follows:
Figure 5: The KeePass Create New Password Database screen
Step 2. Type in the master password you have invented into the Master Password field.
Figure 6: The KeePass Set Composite Master Key screen with the Master Password field completed
You will see an orange-green progress bar underneath the password entry. As you type in a password, the amount of green in the bar will increase if the complexity or strength of your password increases with the number of characters used.
Tip: You should aim to have at least half the bar filled with green when you've done typing in your password.
Step 3. Click to activate the Repeat Master Password screen and confirm the password as follows:
Figure 7: The KeePass Repeat Master Password screen
Step 4. Type in the same password as before, then click
Step 5. Click to see if you are typing in your password correctly.
Warning: This is not advisable if you fear that someone may be looking over your shoulder.
Once you have successfully typed in the master password twice, the KeePass console is activated as follows:
Figure 8: The KeePass Password Safe screen in active mode
After you have created the password database, you need to save it. To save the password database, follow these steps:
Step 1. Select File > Save As as follows:
Figure 9: The KeePass Password Safe screen
This will activate the Save As screen as follows:
Figure 10: The Save As screen
Step 2. Type in a name for your new password database file.
Step 3. Click to save your database.
Tip: Remember the location and file name of your database! It will come in very handy when you are creating a backup of it.
Congratulations! You have successfully created and saved your secure password database. Now you can begin to fill it up with all your current and future passwords.
2.2. How to Add an Entry
The Add Entry screen lets you add account information, passwords and other important details into your newly-created database. In the example that follows, you will be adding entries to store passwords and user names for different websites and email accounts.
Step 1. Select Edit > Add Entry in the KeePass Password Safe screen to activate the Add Entry screen as follows:
Figure 11: The KeePass Password Safe screen with Edit > Add Entry selected
Figure 12: The KeePass Add Entry screen
Note: The Add Entry screen presents you with a number of fields to be completed. None of these fields are mandatory; information submitted here is largely for your own convenience. It may prove useful in situations where you are searching for a particular entry.
A brief explanation of these different text boxes is presented as follows:
Group: KeePass lets you sort your passwords into pre-defined groups. For example: 'Internet' would be a good place to store passwords that relate to website accounts.
Title: A name to describe the particular password entry. For example: Gmail password
- User name: The user name associated with the password entry. For example: firstname.lastname@example.org
- URL: The internet site associated with the password entry. For example: https://mail.google.com
- Password: This feature automatically generates a random password when the Add Entry screen is activated. If you are registering a new email account, you can use the 'default' password in this field. You can also use this feature if you want to change an existing password for one generated by KeePass. Since KeePass will always remember it for you, there is no need to even see the password. A randomly generated password is considered strong (that is, difficult for an intruder to guess or break).
Generating a random password on request will be described in the following section. You can, of course, replace the default password with one of your own. For instance, if you are creating an entry for an account that already exists you will want to enter the correct password here.
- Repeat Password: The confirmation of the password.
- Quality: A progress bar that measures password strength according to length and randomness. The more green there is on the scale, the stronger your chosen password.
- Notes: Here is where you type in descriptive or general information about the account or site for which you are storing information. For example: Mail server settings: POP3 SSL, pop.gmail.com, Port 995; SMTP TLS, smtp.gmail.com, Port: 465
Note: Creating or modifying the password entries in KeePass does not change your actual passwords! Think of KeePass as a secure electronic address book for your passwords. It only stores what you write in it, nothing more.
If you select Internet from the Group drop-down list, your password entry might resemble the following:
Figure 13: The KeePass Add Entry screen - completed
Step 2. Click to save your changes to the Add Entry screen.
Your password entry now appears in the Internet group.
Figure 14: The KeePass Password Safe screen
Note: The bottom panel of this window displays information about the entry selected. This includes creation, editing and expiry time as well as notes you may have recorded in the entry. It does not reveal the password.
- Expires: Check this item to activate text boxes in which you can specify an expiry date. By doing this, you could add a reminder for yourself to change the password at a specific time (every 3 months, for example). When a password has expired, it will appear with a red cross next to its name, with a red cross next to its name as shown in the example below:
Figure 15: An example of an expired key in the NetSecureDb.kdb screen
2.3 How to Edit an Entry
You may edit an existing entry in KeePass at any time. You can change your password (it is generally considered good security practice to change a password every three to six months), or modify other details stored in the password entry.
To edit an entry, perform the following steps:
Step 1. Select the correct Group in the left-hand side to activate the entries associated with it.
Step 2. Select the relevant entry, then right click on that selected entry to activate the following window:
Figure 16: The KeePass Password Safe screen displaying the Edit menu
Step 3. Click to save any necessary changes to this information, including the password.
To change an existing password (that you previously created yourself) for one generated and recommended by KeePass, please read the following section.
2.4 How to Generate Random Passwords
Long, random passwords are considered strong in the world of security. Their randomness is based on mathematical principles and cannot simply be 'guessed' by someone who is trying to break into one of your accounts. KeePass supplies a Password Generator, to help you with this process. As you have seen above, a random password is automatically generated when you add a new entry. This section will describe how to generate one yourself.
Note: The Password Generator can be activated from within the Add Entry and Edit/View Entry screens. Alternatively, select: Tools > Password Generator.
Step 1. Click from within either the Add Entry or Edit/View Entry screen, to activate the Password Generator screen as follows:
Figure 17: The KeePass Password Generator screen
The Password Generator screen presents a variety of choices for generating a password. You can specify the length of the desired password, the pool of characters from which it will be created and much else. For our purposes, we can use the default options presented. This means that the generated password will be 20 characters long and made up of lower and upper case letters, as well as numbers.
Step 2. Click to begin the process. When complete, KeePass will present the generated password to you.
Figure 18: The KeePass Generated Password section
Note: You can view the generated password by clicking . However, this creates a security risk as we discussed above. In essence, you will never need to see the generated password. We will explain more about this in section 3.0 Using KeePass Passwords.
Step 3. Click to accept the password and return to the Add Entry screen as follows:
Figure 19: The KeePass Add Entry screen
Step 4. Click to save this entry.
Step 5. Select File > Save to save your updated password database.
2.5 How to Exit, Minimise and Restore KeePass
You can minimise or exit the KeePass program at any time. When you open or restore it again, you will be prompted to enter your Master Password.
KeePass minimises itself, appearing in your system tray (at the bottom right corner of the screen) as follows: .
KeePass also lets you lock the program by performing the following steps:
Step 1. Select File > Lock Workspace to activate the following screen:
Figure 20: The KeePass - Safe Before Close/Lock prompt screen
Step 2. Click to save your information and disable the KeePass console so it resembles figure 3, and the following icon will appear in your System Tray:
Step 1. Double click this icon to restore KeePass to its normal size, and activate the following screen:
Figure 21: The KeePass Open Database - NetSecureDb.kdb screen
Step 3. Enter your Master Password to open KeePass
To close KeePass perform the following step:
Step 1. Select File > Exit to close the KeePass program completely.
If you have any unsaved changes in the database, KeePass will prompt you to save them.
2.6 How to Create a Backup of the Password Database file
The KeePass database file on your computer is denoted by its .kdb file extension. You can copy this file to a USB memory stick. No one else will be able to open the database without the master password.
Step 1. Select File > Save As from the main screen, and save a copy of the database to another location.
You can run the entire KeePass program from a USB memory stick. Please refer to the Portable KeePass page.
2.7 How to Reset your Master Password
You can change the Master Password at any time. This can be done once you have opened the password database.
Step 1. Select File > Change Master Key
Figure 22: The KeePass Change Master Key screen
Step 2. Type in the new Master Password twice when prompted to do so.
Figure 23: The KeePass Change Master Key screen